Past Events

10The next Antitrustitalia event will take place on 17 February at 12:30pm at Confindustria Bruxelles, Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman.

Luc Peeperkorn and Josefine Hederström (European Commission, DG Competition, Policy and case support in antitrust), will give a presentation in English on:

Vertical Restraints in On-line Sales: Comments on Some Recent Developments

Please click here to download the presentation.

We will discuss about the legal framework applicable to vertical restraints in the online world and certain recent developments in the policy and enforcement activity of European competition authorities as regards online vertical restraints.  We will ask whether certain specific characteristics of online sales create particular challenges for the assessment of vertical restraints and look at certain practices used in online vertical relationships (e.g., the hotels price parity clauses, online sales, platforms).  The main question will be whether some of these practices should be considered hardcore restrictions.

Luc Peeperkorn, after having studied economics and political science at the University of Amsterdam, worked as an assistant professor at the Erasmus University Rotterdam where he specialised in industrial economics, public finance and welfare economics.  In 1991 Luc joined the European Commission, DG Competition. Luc was the co-author of the Vertical Restraints Block Exemption Regulation and Guidelines of 2000 and 2010, the De Minimis Notice of 2001 and 2014, the Transfer of Technology Block Exemption Regulation and Guidelines of 2004 and 2014.  He was also co-author of the Guidance on the Commission’s enforcement priorities in applying Article 82 of 2009.  Josefine Hederström holds a Master degree in International Public Law from the University of Bordeaux IV – Montesquieu.  Prior to joining the European Commission, she worked for the European Court of Justice as a lawyer linguist.  Josefine joined DG Competition in 2016 where she has worked in the cartels units, the energy unit and today in the unit ‘Policy and case support in antitrust’.

Refreshments will be provided at 12.30, the presentation will begin at 13.00 and will finish at 14:30.

Entrance is free for antitrustitalia members. For non-members, there will be a fee of €15 to cover the cost of the lunch. Please use this Eventbrite link goo.gl/PNly1b to register for the event.  Receipts can be printed from the link above directly.

As space is limited, please let us know if you are unable to attend, so that we can offer your place to other colleagues. For the non-members who will notify the cancellation by Monday 16 June, the fee will be reimbursed directly from the link above.

antitrustitalia counts on your support

vinidiviniDear Friends,

Happy New Year!

antitrustitalia is delighted to invite you for a cocktail at Vini Divini Aperitivi, Rue du Berger, 24, 1050 Bruxelles, on Tuesday, 26 January, from 19.30 to 22.30.

 

The invitation is strictly personal.

You can register here by Friday 22 January 2016

We look forward to seeing you all!

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Christmas Dinner – 8 December 2015

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Dear friends,

Following last year’s success, antitrustitalia is organising our 5th Christmas dinner. Let’s get together again for some holiday cheer!

Please join us on Tuesday, 8th December at 20.30 at L’Auberge de Boendael, Square du Vieux Tilleul 12, 1050 Brussels.

The ticket price is 50 Euro per person (including wine) for the following menu.

(La coupe nature ou royal)

Le salade folle de magret fumé farci au foie gras et mangues

Le suprême de poularde farcie au jambon de Parme, fèves des marais et pommes dauphine

La tartelette Tatin, glace vanille

Le café  

Vin et Eau

Tickets are only available in advance through Eventbrite until 3 December 2015.

A cash bar with lounge music, will be available after dinner.

For more information, or if you have any dietary requirements please email Karin at karin.podschun@lw.com

We are looking forward to welcoming you!

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Cari amici,

dopo il successo dell’anno scorso, antitrustitalia organizza la quinta cena di Natale per scambiarci gli auguri e passare una piacevole serata insieme.

La cena si terrà martedì 8 dicembre alle ore 20:30 presso il ristorante L’Auberge de Boendael, Square du Vieux Tilleul 12, 1050 Brussels (Ixelles).

La cena comprende il seguente menù al prezzo di € 50 per persona ed include il menu seguente: 

(La coupe nature ou royal)

Le salade folle de magret fumé farci au foie gras et mangues

Le suprême de poularde farcie au jambon de Parme, fèves des marais et pommes dauphine

La tartelette Tatin, glace vanille

Le café

Vin et Eau   

Il pagamento andrà fatto tramite carta di credito su Eventbrite. Prenotate entro e non oltre il 3 dicembre.

Dopo la cena, la serata continuerà al bar (a pagamento) con lounge music.

Per ulteriori informazioni o per comunicare eventuali intolleranze alimentari, scrivere a karin.podschun@lw.com

Vi aspettiamo numerosi!

 

Where

 L’Auberge de Boendael – Square du Vieux Tilleul 12 Brussels, Brussels 1050 BE – View Map

Tickets

Please order your ticket through Eventbrite.

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5 November – ¨Pranzo antitrustitalia” – 25 years of Italian antitrust law

immagineThe next “Pranzo Antitrust” will take place on 5 November at 12:30pm at Confindustria Bruxelles, Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman.

 

Alberto Pera, antitrust partner at Gianni Origoni Grippo & Partners and former Secretary General of the Italian Antitrust Authority between 1990 and 2001, will discuss with us of

“25 years of the Italian antitrust law: history and prospects of competition policy in Italy”

This presentation will be in Italian. 

The Law 287/90, which introduced antitrust rules in Italy, turned 25 a few days ago. In this period, the Italian Antitrust Authority has emerged as an important enforcement agency on the international scene. Many observers think however that in recent years the IAA enforcement has been less effective than in the in the first “glorious” years. Many explanations have been put forward: the piling up on the IAA of additional competences outside its antitrust core mission, changes in legislation, pressures from politics – particularly in public services – as well as a leadership more focused on advocacy and moral suasion than on enforcement. Lately there are signs of a return to the core values of antitrust, without losing sight of the most interesting policy developments such as the enforcement of competition rules in IT and technology.

Our event will be an opportunity to discuss these issues with Alberto Pera, one the pioneers of Italian antitrust. Alberto Pera took part in the drafting of the original EC Merger Regulation acting as a negotiator for the Italian Government. He coordinated the works of the Government Committee that drafted the proposal for the Italian Antitrust Law. From 1990 to 2000, Alberto was the Secretary General of the Italian Antitrust Authority under the Chairmen Saja, Amato and finally Tesauro, in an intense period during which the IAA emerged as one of the most active NCAs. Alberto holds degrees in economics and law and a Master in Economics from the London School of Economics. Between 1980 and 1985 Alberto worked as an economist at the IMF, the chief economist at IRI with Romano Prodi. For several years he was a lecturer in Economics of Public Enterprises at the Università Cattolica in Milan and has taught economics and policy of competition in several Italian universities. He is a non-governmental advisor of the International Competition Network.

Refreshments will be provided at 12.30, the presentation will begin at 13.00 and will finish at 14:15.

 

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16 October – 27th antitrust lunch: “Price discrimination in online / digital markets”

carhire-europcar2Dear Friends,

antitrustitalia’s 27th Antitrust Lunch is scheduled on Friday 16 October 2015 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman).

Dr Cristina Caffarra, Vice President and Head of European Competition Practice at Charles River Associates, will give a presentation in English on:

“Price discrimination in online / digital markets: is it fair, and is there a role for competition intervention?”

Price discrimination is a concern we thought we left behind in competition policy, but the advent of online and digital technologies has revamped the debate on such practice. Wider access to information on consumers can allow companies to design more refined mechanisms to discriminate prices on the basis of, for example, consumers’ geographical location, browsing behaviour, past purchasing history, etc. Concerns about the use of online price discrimination have been rising in recent years. Differential and personalised pricing has attracted the attention of competition authorities and the Commission has put geographic discrimination and geo-blocking at the centre of its Digital Single Market strategy. Cristina will provide an economist’s perspective on the new drive for enforcement in this area, and discuss merits and risks of differential pricing in online / digital markets.

Dr Cristina Caffarra heads up the Competition Team of Charles River Associates in Europe. She has provided expert economic advice and testimony on several cases before DG Comp, the competition authorities of several member states as well as the Courts in several jurisdictions. Cristina has been advising before DG Comp on several of the most high-profile merger investigations of recent years, and has been involved in numerous Art 101 and Art 102 matters – including investigations of interchange fees and enforcement of standard essential patents, discriminatory practices in search and online markets, price parity clauses in online platforms, exclusionary abuses from predation to refusal to supply to tying and bundling, as well as cartels and information exchange cases.  Cristina holds a Master and PhD in Economics from Oxford University, she lectures in Competition economics and is a regular contributor to conferences on competition and policy matters.

Refreshments will be provided at 12.30, the presentation will begin at 13.00 and will finish at 14:15.

To register please click here. Entrance is free for antitrustitalia members. For non-members there will be a fee of €15 to cover the cost of the lunch. Receipts can be printed from Eventbrite directly.

As space is limited, please let us know if you are unable to attend, so that we can offer your place to other colleagues. For the non-members who will notify the cancellation by Wednesday 14 October, the fee will be reimbursed directly from the link above.

antitrustitalia counts on your support! – www.antitrustitalia.it

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Image 10 Sep AICari amici,

antitrustitalia è lieta di invitarvi al prossimo incontro che si terrà giovedì 10 settembre 2015 alle ore 18.30 presso la Rappresentanza Permanente d’Italia presso l’Unione Europea a Rue du Marteau 7-15.

Per l’occasione, avremo l’onore di ospitare un intervento della dott.ssa Gabriella Muscolo, componente dell’Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (‘AGCM’), dal titolo:

Le novità nei rapporti tra il public e il private enforcement alla luce della Direttiva 140/2014.

Nel suo intervento la dott.ssa Muscolo fornirà una panoramica introduttiva dei casi più rilevanti di public enforcement trattati nell’ultimo anno dall’AGCM, seguita da un’analisi dei principali temi legati all’interazione tra i meccanismi di public enforcement e gli strumenti di private enforcement. Alla presentazione seguirà un dibattito con domande e risposte.

La dott.ssa Muscolo è componente dell’AGCM dal 16 maggio 2014. Ha iniziato la carriera di magistrato nel 1985, divenendo giudice di Cassazione nel 2005.  Dal 1991 al 1995 è stata addetta al Ministero della Giustizia, dove si è occupata in particolare della materia internazionale e comunitaria.  Dopo il trasferimento al Tribunale di Roma, dal 2003 è stata giudice della sezione specializzata per la proprietà industriale e intellettuale e dal 2012 è stata giudice del tribunale dell’impresa, con competenza in materia di diritto della proprietà industriale intellettuale, diritto della concorrenza e diritto degli appalti comunitari. La dott.ssa Muscolo è estensore di numerosi provvedimenti in materia di diritto industriale e della concorrenza pubblicati e annotati in riviste specializzate in Italia e in Europa. È inoltre autrice di pubblicazioni nelle materie di diritto societario, industriale e della concorrenza. La dott.ssa Muscolo è docente nel corso di diritto commerciale presso la Scuola per le professioni legali dell’Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza e tiene lezioni presso numerose università in Italia e all’estero.

Per chi non ha sottoscritto la tessera di antitrustitalia, è prevista una quota di partecipazione di € 15 per coprire i costi del rinfresco.  Non sarà possibile pagare in contanti sul posto.

Per registrarsi e versare la quota di partecipazione: Eventbrite – antitrustitalia 10 Settembre 2015

Per ragioni di spazio il numero massimo di partecipanti è limitato. Nella registrazione, verrà data priorità ai tesserati di antitrustitalia. Vi preghiamo di segnalare in modo sollecito eventuali disdette per rendere disponibile il posto ad altri colleghi.  In caso di disdetta con un preavviso di almeno 2 giorni, l’importo verrà rimborsato.

antitrustitalia ringrazia fin da ora la Rappresentanza Permanente d’Italia presso l’Unione Europea per la disponibilità nell’ospitare l’iniziativa.

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Dear Friends, commitment

antitrustitalia’s 26th lunch talk is scheduled on Monday 29 June 2015 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman).

Wouter Wils, Hearing Officer at the European Commission and Visiting Professor at King’s College London, will give a presentation in English on:

“Commitment decisions under Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003: Too much of a good thing?”

Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003 created a new mechanism, allowing the European Commission to close an investigation into a suspected infringement of the antitrust prohibitions contained in Articles 101 and 102 TFEU by making commitments offered by the companies concerned binding on those companies (“commitment decisions”).Leaving aside the area of cartels, for which commitment decisions are not available, more than half of the formal decisions adopted by the Commission in the ten years since the entry into force of Regulation 1/2003 have been commitment decisions.Several commentators have expressed concerns about the risk of excessive use of the instrument of commitment decisions.To what extent are these concerns justified?

Wouter Wils was appointed as Hearing Officer in 2010. He was a Member of the European Commission’s Legal Service from 1994 to 2010 and is a former référendaire of Advocate General van Gerven at the European Court of Justice. Mr Wils holds degrees in economics and in law from the universities of Louvain, Utrecht and Harvard. He is a Visiting Professor at King’s College London, and is the author of a variety of legal and economic publications.

Refreshments will be provided at 12.30, the presentation will begin at 13.00 and will finish at 14:15.

Entrance is free for antitrustitalia members. For non-members, there will be a fee of €15 to cover the cost of the lunch. Please use this Eventbrite link https://www.eventbrite.com/e/antitrustitalia-lunch-29-june-2015-commitment-decisions-under-article-9-of-regulation-12003-too-tickets-17225041563 to register for the event. Receipts can be printed from the link above directly.

As space is limited, please let us know if you are unable to attend, so that we can offer your place to other colleagues. For the non-members who will notify the cancellation by Thursday 25 June, the fee will be reimbursed directly from the link above.

antitrustitalia counts on your support!

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28 May – 25th antitrust lunch: “Antitrust damages actions after the EU Directive”

Dear Friends,

Antitrustitalia’s 25th Antitrust Lunch is scheduled for Thursday 28 May 2015 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman).

Laurent Geelhand of Hausfeld LLP and Damien Géradin of EDGE Legal Thinking and Tilburg University will give a presentation in English on:

“Antitrust damages actions after the EU Directive”

Our lunch will focus on private enforcement of competition rules and in particular on the impact of the EU Directive on antitrust damages and of the Commission recommendation on collective redress. Laurent Geelhand of Hausfeld LLP and Damien Géradin of Tilburg University will offer two different viewpoints on the topic and give us an opportunity for a stimulating debate:

Laurent Geelhand will discuss the reasons behind the growth of private damages actions, whether the scope of damages actions will expand from cartels to abuses of dominant position and what we can expect to happen in the next five years.

Damien Géradin will discuss the law and economics of collective redress; the Commission’s recommendation and the steps taken by Member States to adopt their own collective redress regime.

Laurent, a partner at Hausfeld in London and managing partner of Hausfeld in Brussels, is one of the pioneers of antitrust private enforcement in Europe. Prior to Hausfeld, Laurent was the European General Counsel of Michelin, where he turned Michelin’s European legal department into a profit centre by systematically pursuing actions against suppliers and securing multi-million euros settlements arising from the rubber chemicals, synthetic rubber and paraffin wax cartels using innovative litigation techniques and funding schemes

Damien is the Founding Partner of EDGE Legal Thinking, a boutique competition law firm based in Brussels. Previously he was a partner at Covington & Burling. Damien is currently Professor of Competition Law & Economics at Tilburg University and holds academic appointments at University College London and George Mason University.Damien handled Commission investigations for clients like Qualcomm, Microsoft and Slovak Telekom. He has appeared in a dozen of cases before the EU courts and published extensively on competition law and economics. Damien is the editor in chief of the Journal of Competition Law & Economics, a NGA to the ICN, and a Member of the ABA Section of Antitrust’s International task Force. Damien holds a PhD from Cambridge University and was a Fulbright at Yale Law School.

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Parity clauses in the online hotel booking sector – what’s going on?”

Online-booking-key-on-com-009

Dear Friends,

Antitrustitalia’s 23rd Antitrust Lunch is scheduled on Wednesday 18 March 2015 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman)

Paul Bridgeland, case handler at DG COMP and Matthias Hunold, from the Chief Economist Team, will give a presentation in English on:

“Parity clauses in the online hotel booking sector – what’s going on?”

The French, Swedish and Italian competition authorities have recently completed a joint market test of commitments proposed by the online travel agent, Booking.com. The commitments are intended to address perceived competition concerns relating to parity clauses in Booking.com’s standard contracts with hotels. Under the parity clauses, the hotels are requested to offer Booking.com the same or better room prices as the hotel makes available on all other online and offline distribution channels. Meanwhile, in Germany the BKartA has prohibited the parity clause of the German online travel agent, HRS. This decision has recently been upheld on appeal. The European Commission is coordinating the work of the national authorities, but it has not opened its own investigation.

Paul Bridgeland is a case handler in Unit F-1 at DG COMP (Antitrust – Transport, Post and other services). He returned to DG COMP in early 2014, having previously worked in the food and pharmaceuticals antitrust unit, and before that as a commercial solicitor in the UK.

Matthias Hunold joined the Chief Economist Team at DG COMP in 2013. Before that, he completed a PhD in competition economics at Mannheim University and worked as a researcher at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW).

Refreshments will be provided at 12.30, the presentation will begin at 13.00 and will finish at 14:30.

Please confirm your attendance at: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/parity-clauses-in-the-online-hotel-booking-sector-whats-going-on-tickets-15811307045. Entrance is free for antitrustitalia members. For non-members, there will be a fee of €15 to cover the cost of the lunch. Receipts can be printed from Eventbrite directly.

As space is limited, please let us know if you are unable to attend, so that we can offer your place to other colleagues. For the non-members who will notify the cancellation by Monday 16 March, the fee will be reimbursed directly from Eventbrite.

antitrustitalia counts on your support!

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 19 February – 22nd antitrustitalia lunch

cbDear friends,

antitrustitalia’s 22nd antitrust lunch is scheduled on Thursday 19 February 2015 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman).

The speaker Dr. Henning Leupold – member of the Competition Team of the Legal Service of the European Commission – will give a presentation in English on:

“Restrictions ‘by object’ after Groupement des Cartes Bancaires – much ado about nothing”

An intense debate has followed the adoption by the Court of the judgment Groupement des Cartes Bancaires on 11 September 2014. The judgment concerns the conditions that need to be present to justify the finding of a restriction of competition law “by object”. Some have argued that this judgment creates a new – stricter – legal test which will limit the application by the Commission of the concept of “restrictions by object”. Others believe that this judgment simply reiterates and clarifies in a systematic way findings of previous case-law. Others still have questions as to the difference between “by object” and “by effect” infringements. This presentation will first analyse the criteria for the finding of a restriction “by object” and it will then offer an interpretation of the main issues raised by the judgment and present a possible way forward.

Dr. Henning Leupold is a member of the European Commission’s Legal Service where he works in the Competition Team. Previously, he spent five years at DG Competition, for the most part in the antitrust case support and policy unit, where he was mainly dealing with the IT, Internet and consumer electronics industries. He was also involved in the review of the European Commission’s competition policy on horizontal co-operation agreements of 2011. Prior to joining the Commission in 2008, he practised competition law in an international law firm. Dr. Henning is the author of numerous articles and book contributions on various competition law topics. He has a Ph.D. degree in law from the University of Passau, Germany, and a Masters degree from the London School of Economics, London.

 

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21° Pranzo Antitrust/Antitrust Lunch: “The interface between competition and IP”

smartphones

Exceptionally, the event will be held at the Auditorium of Madou Tower (Place Madou – 1049 Brussels ) and NOT at Confindustria Bruxelles.

The speaker Nicholas Banasevic – Head of Unit in unit C3 of DG Competition dealing with Antitrust – will give a presentation in English on:

The interface between competition and IP – when can injunctions based on standard-essential patents be anti-competitive?

Many of the world’s leading smartphone manufacturers are engaged in extensive patent litigation against each other around the world. The presentation will focus on one specific type of patents, namely those that are declared to be essential in industry standards. By providing an overview of the Commission’s recent Motorola and Samsung Decisions, the presentation will highlight in what circumstances injunctions based on standard-essential patents (SEPs) may be anti-competitive, and will analyse the legal framework used by the Commission.

Nicholas Banasevic is Head of Unit in DG Competition of the European Commission of the unit responsible for antitrust in the field of IT, the internet and consumer electronics. He is Case Manager of the Commission’s ongoing Google investigation and was Case Manager of the Commission’s Motorola and Samsung investigations. Prior to that, he worked in mergers where he was the Case Manager for the Deutsche Börse/NYSE Euronext case. He was previously the Case Manager for the Commission’s Intel and Rambus cases and a Case Officer on the Commission’s Microsoft case.

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r

Dear friends,

antitrustitalia’s 20th lunch is scheduled on Tuesday 30 September 2014 at Confindustria Bruxelles (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 -1040 Brussels – metro Schuman).

[Update:]

We regret to inform you that Manuel Kellerbauer and Luigi Malferrari from the European Commission’s Legal Service will no longer be able to give their presentation given that Intel has in the meantime lodged an appeal against the General Court’s judgment.

They will be replaced by Jim Venit of Skadden, one of the counsel to Intel in the proceedings before the European Commission and in the appeal to the General Court, who will present on “The Intel saga – A View from Counsel”.

As usual, the presentation will be followed by a discussion session with the participation of our members including from DG Comp and Legal Service.

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SUMMER BREAK

antitrustitalia wishes you a nice Summer. Save the date for 30 September at 12:30 am at Confindustria Brussels (Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Brussels – Metro Schuman) to discuss a quite interesting topic.

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compliance

Capture

Dear friends,

ICLA (European in-house competition lawyers’ association) and antitrustitalia are delighted to invite you to a joint lunch talk on “Antitrust Compliance: from risk analysis to the preparation of tools to handle it”.

The lunch talk will take place on Friday, May 9th in Milan at Barclay’s premises in Via dei Mercanti, 10 from 12:30 to 2:30 pm. Registration and refreshments will be available as from 12.30 pm. The talk will start at 1:00 pm and will be followed by a Q&A session.  The presentation will be in Italian, though interventions and Q&A will be possible in English.

The speakers Simone Pieri & Jacques Moscianese (ICLA), Francesco Carloni & Gianni De Stefano (antitrustitalia) will give an interactive presentation that will encourage audience participation.

Heavy penalties and reputational damages following a violation of EU and Italian antitrust rules have compelled corporations to increase investments in antitrust compliance so as to promote the development of a culture of competition that effectively prevents potential breaches and avoids the imposition of sanctions. The high-risk scenarios that will be covered during the presentation include antitrust surprise inspections (dawn raids) and, in the context of concentrations, the prohibition to prematurely implement the transaction (gun-jumping) and to coordinate the parties’ activities before closing.

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10 April 2014 – “Merger remedies: an enforcers’ view of the Commission’s case practice during the last three years”

antitrustitalia’s 17th Antitrust Lunch is scheduled on Thursday 10 April 2014 at Confindustria, Av. de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040 Bruxelles – Metro Schuman.

Thomas Deseinhofer and Massimiliano Kadar, Head of Unit and Case Handler respectively in Unit E4 of DG Competition, dealing with Mergers in the Basic Industries, Manufacturing and Agriculture sectors, will give a presentation (in English) on:

“Merger remedies: an enforcers’ view of the Commission’s case practice during the last three years”

Thomas Deisenhofer and Massimiliano Kadar will (i) provide an overview of the main developments in the Commission’s practice on merger remedies through examples from cases of the last three years, (ii) discuss in more depth topics of particular interest for practitioners such as carve-outs, “mix-and-match” divestments, remedy implementation and international cooperation on remedies in global cases, (iii) share their experience on how to best address recurring issues in these areas.

Thomas Deisenhofer is since 2011 Head of the merger control unit in DG Competition which is responsible for mergers in basic industries, manufacturing and agriculture. He acted as case-manager in cases such as Glencore/Xstrata, Outokumpu/Inoxum or most recently Thermo Fisher/Life Technologies. Before that, he held for two years the same position in the unit responsible for merger control in the fields of telecommunications, media and IT. He also worked previously as the assistant responsible for State aid control of Philip Lowe, Director General of DG Competition, and as a “référendaire” for Advocate General F.G. Jacobs at the European Court of Justice.

Massimiliano Kadar is a case handler at DG Competition of the European Commission, in the unit responsible for mergers in basic industries, manufacturing and agriculture. Prior to joining the Commission, Massimiliano worked in private practice at the Brussels office of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP and at the Rome and Milan offices of Gianni Origoni Grippo Cappelli & Partners. Massimiliano is co-author of the mergers chapter in the book “The EU Law of Competition”, edited by Jonathan Faull and Ali Nikpay.

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